Engineering the Future of Sports, Fitness and Health

By Vijayendran Ramalingam, Jul 19 2014 03:20PM

WhenI signed up for a IMWA in early 2013, I didn't know what I was

headed for. Six months before the race, I was starting to get a little

worried about the myriad of differing information on how I should

train for my maiden Ironman and lacked a coherent plan. With an active

social and work life to maintain, I turned to Vijay for help in

preparing a training plan to make sure I get through the Ironman in

good form and set me up for a continual training thereafter.

Looking back at the journey, I realise it was the one of the most

inspired decision I have made while preparing for my Ironman. Through

our face to face discussions, I have learnt a lot about periodisation

of training, training intensities, pacing, nutrition and generally, a

whole lot on how to take care of your body while it is undergoing

heavy training. This is especially important for a newbie like me for

there is a tendency to either go too hard or too much. Any lengthy

layoffs due to injuries would have been detrimental to achieving my


Vijay is also accommodative of my schedules and will “gently”

nudge me along to the right path when I go wayward on my training or

when choosing the B and C races prior to the Ironman. Besides sporting

goals, he was always on the lookout for signs that I have overtrained

and adjust my training accordingly.

In all, his bespoke training programme had the right balance of

training in all three disciplines and took into account, the amount of

time I could spare. He was also always a phone call or SMS away from

any sporting queries I might have. Without his help, I would not have

bettered my expected timing and finish the race in good form and

spirits. Thank you VJ!

VJ: Thanks Kenny for giving me this opportunity!! Wishing you all success!!


By Vijayendran Ramalingam, Feb 19 2013 03:57PM

For a start to do a simple quantitative and qualitative analysis on this standing broad jump technique, I have categorised the technique into 3 phases. Phase I is the propulsion phase – where the function is to generate forces to propel the body forwards. Phase IIa is to then experience the glide by co-ordinating both the upper and lower body segments. In Phase IIb, the legs are then recovered to the neutral tuck-in position at the highest point of flight. Phase IIIa is the start of preparation of landing phase, with focus on forward-rolling of both upper and lower body segments. Finally, Phase IIIb is the support phase to control body downward, absorption of forces and stabilisation.

From the analysis of the knee-angle velocity, Phase IIa (605 deg/s) and IIIa (559 deg/s) are having the highest knee-angle velocity in the entire technique, - showcasing greater power display - higher range of motion of the knees during this phases.

Therefore, to enhance performance, other then strength training, power training could then be utilised to enhance glide in Phase IIa by giving additional drift and explosive-tuck in action during Phase IIIa. Squats and Power snatch are some of the power training that could be explored. Please do consult a training or fitness consultant before you engage in any such training so that proper customisation can be catered for your personalised training. Next series of analysis, will involve COM (take-off angle, velocity, fwd bending) of upper segment. Upper limb influence on flight path, impacts on knee joints and hips. Good and Safe training everyone!

By Vijayendran Ramalingam, Dec 18 2012 03:53AM

Hello everyone, specifically to Ismini! Sorry for the delay in my response. I am really not sure why i am not able to post a reply on my website on your queries. But i am trying to post the reply as an article and hope it helps. Here it goes:

Great to hear your passion for sports and desire to be in the field of sports industry! its definitely a great industry to be where you can be involved in thinking and working on human performance, sports product design and development. It is also a very niche industry, therefore finding opportunities where you can practice is also based on the sports culture within the country, organisation, institutions. Therefore, keeping yourself up to speed with the current practice of things and accessible is always important to get yourself out there!

Your specialisation in civil engineering will never be wasted instead it may allow you to value add in different aspects in the field of sports engineering. The basic engineering principles will help you in understanding the physics and mechanical aspects of specific sports or product behaviour. For example, knowledge on soil mechanics will be helpful in modeling the behaviour of cricket balls on during its impact on the ground during the spin. In other instances, we can also use bending moments theories in the ski performance during carving turns. So, every engineerings apects will come in handy in understanding and evaluating specific sports aspects.

UK is a great place for sports due to its rich and exciting sports culture. There may be opportunities in research institutions and there are also some sports product development companies. (please do keep an eye on our resources section). Sports clubs may also need the help of performance analyst to specific measure and data collection/analysis of sporting performance of their athletes. So, its all about trying! I can link you up with some of my friends who are engaged in industries or institutions to also hear their views.

As for myself, I have just finished my stint with the adidas innovation team after my graduation from Sheffield Hallam University and just got back to Singapore. I am in the process of settling in and searching for opportunities here. =)) Do let me know if you have any other queries? All the best!

By Vijayendran Ramalingam, Dec 8 2011 02:40AM

‘In the UK an estimated 60.8 per cent of adults and 31.1 per cent of children are overweight. According to figures from 2009, almost a quarter of adults (22 per cent of men and 24 per cent of women) in England were classified as obese (BMI 30kg/m² or over).

Waist circumference is another important measure and 38 per cent of adults had a raised waist circumference in 2009 compared to 23 per cent in 1993’. [BBC HEALTH]

By Vijayendran Ramalingam, Nov 18 2011 04:48PM

During competitive skiing, skiers would love to have carved turns with less lateral skidding and low frictional forces to achieve fast run time (D. Heinrich 2009). The main type of frictional forces on the skier includes air drag, gravity, ground reaction forces and ski-snow friction. Other than the ski-design and waxing, ski-snow friction is the main contributing factor for lateral skidding. Therefore, it is critical that the skier takes care in his movement across the snow that he does not incur unwanted resistance through deep penetration in the snow (Brodie 2009) while still maintaining an optimum edging angle (Figure 1) and load distribution between the inner and outer ski to resist against lateral shearing or skidding (D. Heinrich 2009).

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Welcome to this part of the world of sports engineering! A website for the engineers and their work in Sports, Health and Fitness. Key insights and issues on some latest developments and interests will also be shared. In addition, some reflections from world-class athletes on their training and racing experiences will be listed occasssionaly. It is also hoped that this website may serve as a platform for referrals for sports engineers and mentorship for the grooming sports engineer. Enjoy reading! If you will like to contribute your articles, please contact us! cheers!

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